Depressive and Manic Symptoms

People with Bipolar Disorder have two unique sets of symptoms. On the one side, as was known earlier as “manic” and on the other side “depression,” and previously called, “Manic-Depression.”  Not everybody with some of these symptoms is bipolar. What follows is not meant to be a complete classification of symptoms as in the DSM-5.bipolar-disorder1

Depressed persons display sad, discouraged, joyless dispositions. Major Depressive Episodes involve five or more of the following classic symptoms nearly every day for at least two weeks:

  • Significant change in appetite or weight;
  • Diminished pleasure in usual activities;
  • Fatigue or loss of energy;
  • Pervasive depressed mood;
  • Diminished ability to think clearly, evaluate, or concentrate;
  • Slower or more agitated movements;
  • Too little or too much sleep;
  • Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt;
  • Suicidal thoughts/attempts

Manic persons display unfounded, euphoric dispositions coupled with various acts of abnormally poor judgment. Manic Episodes occur when three or more of the following classic symptoms, not normal for the person, last for at least one week:

  • Inflated ego;
  • Racing thoughts;
  • Easily distracted;
  • Excessive talk;
  • Sudden distraction;
  • Decreased need for sleep;
  • Increased obsession on a goal;
  • Excessive involvement in pleasures that risk negative consequences;

Bipolar persons display occurrences of both Manic and Depressive Episodes.